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Polygons
A polygon is a closed plane figure bounded by a finite number of line segments. Very often we are concerned with simple polygons, where the boundary does not cross itself.
Polygons are usually named according to the number of sides they possess. For example, a threesided polygon is a triangle, foursided a quadrilateral, fivesided a pentagon. You can download the Naming polygons: Information sheet.
Polygons are either convex or nonconvex. In a convex polygon all of the angles are less than 180 degrees. A nonconvex polygon must have at least one interior angle greater than 180 degrees. This is called a reflex angle. You can download a Convex and nonconvex polygons: Information sheet.


Polygons are either regular or irregular. Regular polygons have all sides and all angles equal. You can download a Regular and irregular polygons: Information sheet.


Triangles are classified according to their sides and their angles. The triangle below is called an obtuseangled scalene triangle because one angle is greater than 90° (obtuse) and its sides are different lengths (scalene). You can download the Classifying triangles: Information sheet.
Quadrilaterals are classified using their properties. There are six special quadrilaterals identified in the Australian Curriculum: squares, rectangles, parallelograms, rhombuses, trapeziums and kites. You can download a Special quadrilaterals: Information sheet. You can also download the Properties of quadrilaterals: Information sheets showing the properties for each of the six quadrilaterals.