Parking ones and moving tens
Provide problems in situations where tens are added or subtracted from two-digit numbers that are not multiples of ten.
For example, 43 + 50 = ? or 96 – 30 = ?
Encourage students who initially skip count in tens (iterate by tens) to notice that only the tens digit changes.
Relate the answer to single digit addition and subtraction facts that they know.
For example, in 43 + 50 = 93 there are 5 tens added while 3 ones are 'parked'. You can watch the Tens Frame Parking video.
You can download the Tens Frame Parking video transcript.
Problems that involve bridging 100 tend to be more difficult but are a sensible extension.
For example, 137 – 50 = 87 involves both parking ones and back-through-100 in tens.
Parking ones and moving tens can be practised using this empty number line applet on the New Zealand Maths website.