Many pairs of numbers can share the same difference. The difference is easier to work out with some pairs than with others. Use small numbers at first.
Record the results symbolically so students can identify patterns. Generalise the idea that adding or subtracting the same number from both numbers in any pair conserves the difference between them.
Progress to problems in which finding differences between two-digit numbers is made easier by adding or subtracting the same amount from both numbers.
For example, 46 and 93 have the same difference as 50 and 97 (4 has been added to both numbers).
You can watch the Equal Additions video.
You can download the Equal Additions video transcript.
Students can practise finding pairs of numbers that share the same difference using the digital learning object L110 The difference bar: make your own hard subtractions.
These concepts are further explained in the big ideas.